Open letter against giving Judi Rever a platform at the University of Cambridge, April 2021

To: The Vice Chancellor, Professor Stephen Toope, University of Cambridge

We the undersigned scholars, scientists, researchers, journalists, historians and charitable organisations are writing to you today to express our grave concern at the platform your university is giving to a known denier of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda and that no opportunity is being provided to challenge such views. 

Judi Rever, who is scheduled to speak at the University of Cambridge Centre for Geopolitics on 21 April 2021, is a journalist and author of the book In Praise of Blood that promotes the ‘double genocide’ myth, an idea introduced and spread by the genocide perpetrators and their supporters during the horrific events of 1994 and in the 27 years since. 

This double genocide myth has been shown by countless reports, scholars, journalists, court proceedings and visual evidence to have absolutely no basis in fact. It forms part of a mounting campaign to minimise and distort the historical truth. While claiming to be serious journalistic investigative work, Rever relies on unsubstantiated and anonymous witness testimonies and quotes from unauthenticated documents apparently obtained from a ‘secret unit’ at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Her work is in no way peer reviewed and she provides not the slightest evidence for her sensationalist accusations whilst ignoring a wealth of testimony and accessible material – the concrete evidence built up over the past 27 years by scholars and journalists, NGOs and witnesses that has been tested in courtrooms and in solid academic debate and publications. 

We are shocked that the University of Cambridge has chosen to give a platform to the author of a book that peddles arguments used in a 27-year campaign of genocide denial and revision. 

The University of Cambridge Centre for Geopolitics – with no African, let alone Rwandan member on its 50 strong staff, Management Committee and International Advisory Board – has shown a reckless disregard for upholding factual historical accuracy and debate. African issues and lives are being treated with a flagrant disregard by the University of Cambridge that promotes itself as a global leader in truth and honesty. 

The upset your decision causes the survivors of the genocide of the Tutsi, some of whom are studying at the University, is incalculable. In the circumstances of the Holocaust this would be unthinkable. 

By promoting the conspiracy theories of Judi Rever, you have given the impression of support for negationism and denial.

We kindly ask you urgently now to reconsider your decision to give a platform to Rever and her views.


  1. Guillaume Ancel, Lieutenant-Colonel (R), Operation Turquoise veteran. Writer of “Rwanda, la fin du silence”. Direct witness of the genocide against the Tutsi
  2. Dr. Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau, Historian, Director of Studies, EHESS, Paris
  3. Medhi Ba, Journalist and author
  4. Gatsinzi Basaninyenzi, Associate Professor of English, Alabama A&M University
  5. Guy Beaujot, Independent consultant for vocational dance education, The Netherlands
  6. Prof. Annette Becker, Professor of History, Paris-Nanterre. Author of Messengers of Disaster: Raphael Lemkin, Jan Karski, and Twentieth-Century Genocides (Wisconsin University Press, 2021)
  7. Dr. Richard M. Benda, Luther King House, Durham University
  8. Dr. Romain Bertrand, Director of Studies, CERI (Sciences Po-CNRS)
  9. Jacqueline Blam Mukandanga, Ibuka Germany Chairperson 
  10. Juliette Bour, Ph.D. candidate in History (EHESS, CESPRA, Paris)
  11. Dr. Carole Bourne-Taylor, Fellow in French, Brasenose College, Oxford
  12. Prof. Raphaëlle Branche, Professor of Contemporary History, Institut des Sciences Sociales du Politique, Université de Paris Nanterre
  13. TimothéeBrunet-Lefèvre, Ph.D. candidate at CESPRA (EHESS, Paris)
  14. Jabo Butera, Chairperson of the national association or Rwandese communities in the UK
  15. Prof. Pierre Canisius, Associate professor, University of Montreal, Canada
  16. Cloé Carbonare, Art Teacher
  17. Prof. Marguerite Carbonare, Professor of letters, retired
  18. Dr.Ayse Sila Cehreli, Associate Professor, Faculty of Political Sciences, Marmara University
  19. Prof. Jean-Pierre Chrétien, Emeritus Director of Research, CNRS. Author of The Great Lakes of Africa. 2000 years of History (2003), Rwanda. Racisme et génocide : l’idéologie hamitique (2013)
  20. Dr. PiotrCieplak, Senior lecturer, University of Sussex
  21. Bruce Clarke, Visual artist. Author of The Garden of Memory and the Upright Men contemporary arts memorial works. Member of the advisory board of CPCR (Collectif des Parties civiles pour le Rwanda)
  22. Marie-France Collard, Filmmaker, co-author of  « Rwanda 94 » theatre play
  23. Antoinette Corrêa, Daughter of a survivor of the genocide against the Tutsi, Psychologist
  24. Prof. Denis Crouzet, Professor in modern history, Faculté des Lettres Sorbonne Université.
  25. Alice K. Cyusa, Director of Komera Rwanda! Cancer Care Foundation
  26. Lieutenant-General (ret) The Honourable Roméo Dallaire, Force Commander, UNAMIR
  27. Parand Danesh, Ph.D. candidate in Political Science, School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS, Paris)
  28. Patrick de Saint-Exupéry, Author and journalist
  29. Jacques Delcuvellerie, Artistic director of collectif Groupov, co-author of  « Rwanda 94 » theatre play
  30. Bernadette Denis, Former Nursing Director at Washington Hospital Center
  31. Prof. Philippe Denis , Senior Professor in History of Christianity, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  32. Senator Alain Destexhe, Former Secretary-General Médecins Sans Frontières
  33. Dr. Hélène Dumas, Historian, CNRS, EHESS
  34. Jean-François Dupaquier, Author, journalist, expert witness at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in the Media Case
  35. Dr. Aleksander Edelman, Director od studies, CNRS
  36. Théo Englebert, Journalist
  37. Prof. François-Xavier Fauvelle, Professor of African History, Collège de France, Paris
  38. Prof. Victoria Fontan, Vice President of Academic Affairs, American University of Afghanistan
  39. Dr.Karen B. Froming, ABPP, University of California
  40. Prof. Rangina Béa Gallimore, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA
  41. Dr. Tim Gallimore, Former Spokesperson for the ICTR Prosecutor
  42. Nadia Gallinier, Lawyer
  43. Dr. Ignace Gatare, Principal, College of Science and Technology, University of Rwanda
  44. Prof. Tharcisse Gatwa, Author and research professor of ethnics
  45. Alain Gauthier, President of the CPCR (Collectif des Parties Civiles pour le Rwanda), France
  46. Rachel & Daniel Géant, Founders Sleeping Giants France, Paris
  47. The Foundation for Genocide Education, Montreal, Canada.
  48. Dr.  Catherine Gilbert, Academic Track Fellow, Newcastle University. Author of From Surviving to Living: Voice, Trauma and Witness in Rwandan Women’s Writing (2018)
  49. Eric Gillet, Former lawyer at the Brussels Bar (ret.)
  50. Richard Gisagara, Court lawyer (France – Rwanda)
  51. Ramadan Gjanaj, Political scientist and Chairman of the National Albanian European Council
  52. Dr. Cécile Gonçalves, Lecturer, Institut catholique de Paris.
  53. Bruno Gouteux, Journalist and publisher, Izuba édition & La Nuit Rwandaise
  54. François Graner, Researcher, member of “Survie”, author
  55. Prof. Jan T. Gross, Professor of History Emeritus, Princeton University
  56. Prof. Fred Grünfeld, Emeritus Professor in International Relations, Human Rights and the Causes of Gross Human Rights Violations, Universities of Maastricht and Utrecht, Netherlands. Author of The Failure to Prevent Genocide in Rwanda: The Role of Bystanders (2007)
  57. Élie Guckert, Freelance journalist,
  58. Prof. Guy Haarscher, Legal and political philosophy, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB),  College of Europe (Bruges)
  59. Dr. Deogratias Harorimana, Senior Fellow, USP, Executive Chairman – AIPF Group
  60. Jason Havuga Nshimye, Ibuka USA Chairperson
  61. Dr. Emmanuel Havugimana, Senator, Rwanda 
  62. Dr.  Helen Hintjens, Assistant Professor in Development and Social Justice, International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) The Hague. Relevant publication with Jos van Oijen (2020) “Elementary forms of Collective Denial: The 1994 Rwanda Genocide” Genocide Studies International, 13(2): 146-167.
  63. Prof. Nicki Hitchcott, Professor, University of St Andrews
  64. Dr. Jim House, Associate professor, University of Leeds
  65. Valérie Igounet, Deputy Dirtector of Conspiracy Watch
  66. Grégoire Jakhian, Lawyer
  67. Mr.Pierre Jamagne, Former development worker in Rwanda (1991-1994)
  68. Elżbieta Janicka, Institute of Slavic Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences (ISS PAS), Warsaw (Poland)
  69. Dr. Maria Jaoudi, Professor of Humanities & Religious Studies, California State University Sacramento, USA
  70. Richard Garon Johnson, U.S. Foreign Service Officer, retired
  71. Amdani Juma, Director, African Institute for Social Development(AISD)
  72. Sebastian Jung, Teacher of History and Geography
  73. Dr. Charles Kabwete Mulinda, Associate Professor at the University of Rwanda, Department of History and Heritage Studies
  74. Dr. Aurélia Kalisky, Researcher at the Leibniz-Zentrum für Literatur- und Kulturforschung, Berlin
  75. Emmanuel Kamaza, Public Policy Consultant, Kigali, Rwanda
  76. Oscar Karangwa, Former Cambridge student
  77. Dr. Jean-Pierre Karegeye, Department of Philosophy, Dickinson College 
  78. Aimable Karirima Ngarambe, Journalist 
  79. Joseph Karorero, Lecturer and research in genocide related matter in Rwanda
  80. Col. (Rtd) Gatete Karuranga, Educationist and Peacebuilder
  81. Prof. Zachary D. Kaufman, Associate Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Houston Law Center
  82. Dr. Jean Kayitsinga, Assistant Professor, Julian Samora Research Institute, Michigan State University
  83. Dr. Jean-Paul Kimonyo, Researcher and author
  84. Prof. Joël Kotek, Professeur at the Free University of Brussels (ULB) and the Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po)
  85. Lyn Kouadio, Philomathia Africa Scholar, University of Cambridge
  86. Samuel Kuhn , Teacher of History and Geography
  87. Prof. R. Simangaliso Kumalo, University of Kwazulu-Natal. South Africa
  88. Dr. Anouche Kunth, Historian, French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)
  89. Amon Kwesiga, Institution licensing and accreditation, Rwanda Higher Education Council (HEC)
  90. Prof. Marc Lazar, Historian, Sciences Po, Paris
  91. Dr. Julie Le Gac, Senior Lecturer in Modern History, University of Paris Nanterre, Institut Universitaire de France
  92. Maria Malagardis, Journalist
  93. Olivia Marks-Woldman OBE, Chief Executive of the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust 
  94. Jean-Pierre Martin, Journalist and special correspondent
  95. Prof. François Masabo, Centre for Conflict Management, University of Rwanda
  96. Déo Mazina, Chairman of Réseaux International Recherche & Génocide (RESIRG)
  97. Dr. Consolée Mbarushimana, Senior Lecturer in CyberSecurity, University of Wolverhampton
  98. Linda Melvern, British investigative journalist. Author of Intent to Deceive Denying the Genocide of the Tutsi  (Verso 2020)
  99. Dr. Roland Moerland, Assistant Professor of Criminology, Maastricht University
  100. Dr. Allan T. Moore, Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of the West of Scotland. Member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars
  101. Jacques Morel, Author of “La France au coeur du génocide des Tutsi”
  102. Dr. Ève Morisi, Associate Professor of French, University of Oxford
  103. Dr. Claire Mouradian, Emeritus Director of Research, CNRS, Paris
  104. Louisa Esther Mugabo, Journalist
  105. Honorine Mujyambere, Ibuka Italy Chairperson
  106. Yolande Mukagasana, Founder and Director of  Fondation Yolande Mukagasana, Genocide survivor and author
  107. Dafroza Mukarumongi-Gauthier, CPCR-France
  108. Dr. Jean François Munyakayanza, Historian, Senior Lecturer, University of Rwanda
  109. Revd Dr. Malachie Munyaneza, 
  110. Eric Murangwa Eugène MBE, Founder and CEO Ishami Foundation
  111. Alice Musabende, Gates Scholar, University of Cambridge
  112. Freddy Mutanguha, Executive Director, Aegis Trust
  113. Anais Mutumba, Freelance journalist
  114. Yael Navaro, Reader in Social Anthropology, University of Cambridge
  115. Felix Ndahinda, Researcher and Consultant 
  116. Tom Ndahiro, Genocide scholar
  117. Prof. Juvenal Ndayiragije, Chair, Department of Language Studies, UTSC, University of Toronto
  118. Prof. Pap Ndiaye, Sciences Po, Paris
  119. Dr. Eric Ns.  Ndushabandi, Director of the Institute of Research and Dialogue for Peace. Professor of Political Science, University of Rwanda 
  120. François-Xavier Nérard, Senior lecturer in contemporary history, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
  121. Joseph Ngabonziza, Lawyer
  122. Dr. Alexander Ngenzi, Academician and a researcher at University of Rwanda.
  123. Dr. Leon Ngeruka, Surgeon
  124. Raphaël Nkaka, Senior Lecturer, Deputy Dean, School of Governance, College of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Rwanda
  125. Egide Nkuranga, Ibuka-Rwanda Chairperson
  126. Dr. Zoe Norridge, Senior Lecturer in African and Comparative Literature, King’s College London
  127. Etienne Nsanzimana, buka-France Chairperson
  128. Dr. Vincent Ntaganira, Public Servant and visiting lecturer at the University of Rwanda 
  129. Dr. S. Vahni P. Capildeo, FRSL, University of York
  130. Séta Papazian, President of Collectif VAN [Vigilance Arménienne contre le Négationnisme]
  131. Dr. Nicolas Patin, Lecturer in contemporary history, Université Bordeaux Montaigne
  132. Prof. Dominique Payette, Full professor, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
  133. Dr. Kirrily Pells, UCL
  134. Revd Dr. Rodney Petersen, Executive Director, Cooperative Metropolitan Ministries, Visiting Researcher, Center for Global Christianity and Mission, Boston University School of Theology
  135. Charles Petrie, Former Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations & Deputy UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Rwanda during the period of the Genocide
  136. Dr. Manon Pignot, Historian, Lecturer (HDR) in Contemporary History, Université Picardie Jules Verne
  137. Prof. Guillaume Piketty, Sciences Po, Paris
  138. Dr.Florent Piton, Université de Paris, CESSMA
  139. Prof. Jean Pitz, Retired Businessman and Contributing Professor at the University of Brussels
  140. Romain Poncet, Ibuka-France Executive Board
  141. Florence Prudhomme, Author, Founder of NGO Rwanda avenir
  142. Rudy Reichstadt, Director of Conspiracy Watch
  143. Tim Robertson, Chief Executive of the Anne Frank Trust, UK
  144. Dr. François Robinet, Lecturer, Université de Versailles-Saint-Quentin / Paris-Saclay
  145. Iannis Roder, Head of the training Department of the Memorial de la Shoah (Paris)
  146. Prof. Anna C. Roosevelt, Professor of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Chicago
  147. Dr. Augustin Rudacogora, University of Rwanda
  148. David Russel, UK Coordinator, Survivors Fund (SURF)
  149. Rose Rwabuhihi, Imbuto Foundation board member 
  150. Christine Safari , Ibuka Netherlands Chaiperson
  151. Dr. Emmanuel Saint-Fuscien, MCF EHESS, Paris
  152. Jonathan Salt, Managing Director of Ojemba Education
  153. Prof. Jean-Philippe Schreiber, Professor at the Free University of Brussels (ULB)
  154. Prof. Josias Semujanga, Professor of African literature and literary theories at the University of Montreal (Cana. His publications include Narrating Itsembabwoko. When literature becomes Testimony of Genocide (2019), Origins of the Rwandan Genocide (2003), and Récits fondateurs du drame rwandais (1998).
  155. Dr. Serigne Seye, CAMES Assistant Professor, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal
  156. Dr. Stéphanie Courouble Share, Historian, expert on Holocaust denial, research follow at The Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy
  157. Hilda Shema Kamali, Rwanda Women Representative- RCA -NL
  158. Dr. John Shofel Ruzibuka, senior lecturer economics, Leeds Becket University Business School
  159. Dr. James Smith, President of the UK National Holocaust Centre
  160. Mutesi Souvenir, CEO of Rwanda Sisterhood Association (UK)
  161. Aloys Tegera, Historian, Senior Researcher at Pole Institute based in Goma, DRC
  162. Dr. Yves Ternon, Historian
  163. Dr. Sylvie Thénault, Director of studies, CNRS
  164. Rebecca Tinsley, Journalist and author
  165. Xavier Truti, Executive Project Manager, member of Citizen Culture
  166. Prof. Aimable Twagilimana, SUNY Buffalo State, New York, USA
  167. Beata Umubyeyi Mairesse, Author
  168. Henriette Umulisa, Vice-Chairperson Pan Africa Movement – Rwanda chapter
  169. Sandrine Umutoni, Director General of Imbuto Foundation
  170. Dr. Alice Urusaro Karekezi, Researcher Fellow, University of Rwanda
  171. Joséphine Uwimana Boedts, Chairman of Global Platform of Women Entrepreneurs, Ivory Coast
  172. Ina Van Looy, Director of the Center for Citizenship Education, Centre Communautaire Laic Juif David Susskind (CCLJ), Brussels
  173. Dr. Alain Verhaagen, Senior lecturer, Université libre de Bruxelles
  174. Dr. Clémentine Vidal-Naquet, Lecturer in Contemporary History, Université Picardie Jules Verne
  175. Dr. Alice von Bieberstein, Humboldt University of Berlin
  176. Dr. Andrew Wallis, Author and journalist
  177. Dr. Caroline Williamson Sinalo, University College Cork

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